Feedback should inform students if the response is correct or incorrect, if the understanding is correct or flawed, and what can be done to improve performance in the future.
To maximize the impact of feedback, teachers must focus on ensuring that students have clear learning outcomes, understand the criteria for success, and that students understand the feedback and know what to do as a result of the feedback.
Provide Feedback While Teaching
Within explicit instruction, the process of modeling, along with frequent opportunities to respond, provides many opportunities for feedback. This feedback helps students acquire new skills, build accuracy and fluency with skills, and generalize the skills in novel ways. The delivery of explicit instruction involves teachers requiring frequent responses from students, monitoring student performance closely, and providing immediate affirmation and corrective feedback. Applying active participation strategies will help to increase the opportunities for students to respond and will result in:
- Increased academic achievement.
- Increased on-task behavior.
- Decreased behavioral challenges.
Examples of opportunities to respond include:
- Verbal responses.
- Written responses.
- Action responses.
Whenever possible, teachers should use response procedures that engage all students.
Provide Feedback to Teachers
At the school-wide level, the school leadership team is routinely collecting and reviewing universal screening data in order to engage in proactive and preventative problem solving and action planning. The school leadership team also collects and uses fidelity data to inform their implementation efforts for tier 1 reading supports. These data are reviewed at least three times a year and should be shared with school staff at least two times a year to provide feedback to the staff regarding implementation efforts and outcomes for students.