Change contrast:


The following references are utilized to guide and support the Center's work.

Academic Instruction

Archer, A. & Hughes, C. (2011). Explicit Instruction. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Coyne, M.D., Kame’enui, E.J., & Carnine D.W. (2011). Effective Teaching Strategies that Accommodate Diverse Learners (4th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson.

Gersten, R., Compton, D. Connor. C.M., Domino, J., Santoro, L., Linan-Thompson, S., and Tilly, W.D. (2008). Assisting students struggling with reading: Response to intervention and multi-tier intervention in the primary grades. A practice guide. (NCEE 2009-4045). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Instate of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education.

Scammacca, N., Roberts, G., Vaughn. S., Edmonds, M., Wexler, J., Reutebuch, C. K., & Torgesen, J. K. (2007), Interventions for adolescent struggling readers: A meta-analysis with implications for practice. Portsmouth, NH: RMC Research Corporation, Center on Instruction.

Torgesen, J.K. (2006). Intensive reading interventions for struggling readers in early elementary school: A principal guide. Portsmouth, NH: RMC Corporation, Center on Instruction.

Behavior Supports

Anderson, C.M. & Borgmeier, C. (2010). Tier II interventions within the framework of school-wide positive behavior supports: Essential features for design, implementation, and maintenance. Behavior Analysis in Practice, (3)1, 33-14.

Crone, D.A., Hawkens, L.S., & Horner, R. H. (2010). Responding to Problem Behaviors in Schools (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Crone, D. A., Hawken, L. S., & Horner, R. H. (2015). Building positive behavior support systems in schools: Functional behavioral assessment (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.

O'Neill, R. E., Albin, R. W., Storey, K., Horner, R. H., & Sprague, J. R. (2015). Functional assessment and program development for problem behavior: A practical handbook (3rd ed.). Independence, KY: Engage Learning.

Discipline Referrals and SWIS

Tobin, T. (2010). Reference List for Using Data for Decision-Making. SWISTM Documentation Project.

Strategic Integration of Reading and Behavior

Bohanon, H., Goodman, S., McIntosh, K. (2009). Integrating behavior and academic supports within an RtI framework: General overview. Retrieved August 17, 2006, from

McIntosh, K. & Goodman, S. (2016). Integrated Multi-Tiered Systems of Support: Blending RTI and PBIS. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

McIntosh, K., Horner, R. H., Chard, D. J., Dickey, C. R., & Braun, D. H. (2008). Reading skills and function of problem behavior in typical school settings. Journal of Special Education.

Preciado, J. A., Horner, R. H., Scott K. Baker, S. K. (2009). Using a Function-Based Approach to Decrease Problem Behaviors and Increase Academic Engagement for Latino English Language Learners. The Journal of Special Education, 42, 227-240.

Sanford, E. (2006). The effects of function-based literacy instruction on problem behavior and reading growth. Dissertation. University of Oregon.

Stewart, R. M., Benner, G. J., Martella, R. C., and Marchand-Martella, N. E. (2007). Three-tier models or reading and behavior: A research review. Journal of Positive Interventions, 9, 239-252.

Universal Screening

Blase, K., Kiser, L. and Van Dyke, M. (2013). The Hexagon Tool: Exploring Context. Chapel Hill, NC: National Implementation Research Network, FPG Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Coughlin, C., Sorrelle, P., Harms, A., Russell, C., Huth, E., LeVesseur, C. (2015). Using Curriculum-Based Measures to Predict Reading Test Scores on the Michigan Educational Assessment Program: Technical Report. Michigan Department of Education, Michigan’s Integrated Behavior and Learning Support Initiative.

Drummond, T. (1994). The Student Risk Screening Scale (SRSS). Grants Pass, OR: Josephine County Mental Health Program.

Gersten, R., Dimino J. A., & Haymond K. (2011). Universal Screening for Students in Mathematics for the Primary Grades. In R. Gersten & R. Newman-Gonchar (Eds.) Understanding RTI in Mathematics (pp. 17-33). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company.

Hosp, M. K., Hosp, J. L., & Howell, K. W. (2007). The ABCs of CBM. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Ikeda, M., J., Neessen, E., & Witt, J. C. (2008). Best Practices in Universal Screening. In A. Thomas & J. Grimes (Eds.), Best practices in school psychology V (pp. 103-114). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.

Kennelly, L. & Monrad, M. (2007). Approaches to Dropout Prevention: Heeding the Early Warning Signs With Appropriate Interventions. Washington, DC: National High School Center.

Lane, Menzies, Oakes, & Kalberg, 2012. Systematic Screenings of Behavior to Support Instruction: From Preschool to High School. New York, NY: The Guildford Press.

National Center on Response to Intervention. (n.d.). Screening Tools Chart. Retrieved from

National Center on Response to Intervention. (n.d.). Webinars. Retrieved from

Stewart, R. M., Benner, G. J., Martella, R. C., and Marchand-Martella, N. E. (2007). Three-tier models or reading and behavior: A research review. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 9, 239-253.

VanDerHeyden, A. M., & Tilly, D. W. (2010). Keeping RtI on Track: How to identify, Repair and Prevent Mistakes That Derail Implementation. Horsham, PA: LRP Publications.

Vaughn S. & Fletcher J. M. (2012). Prologue: response to intervention with secondary students. Why the issues are different than with elementary students. In D. K. Reed, J. Wexler, & S. Vaughn. (Eds.) RTI for Reading at the Secondary Level: Recommended Literacy Practices and Remaining Questions. New York: The Guilford Press.

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